5 Great Advances That Have Changed Medicine

It’s true that medicine is an ever-changing field, and we see brilliant innovations from time to time. Several revolutionary discoveries that we’ve seen have indeed changed the fate of humanity. If it were not for medical breakthroughs, we would be having a high infant mortality, and invasive surgery procedures would be unbearably painful. Less important aspects of health would suffer too; for example, those having erectile dysfunction would not have had Viagra, Tadacip and other ED drugs that have fixed the sex lives of so many couples.

Here are just five medical discoveries among many others that we appreciate today:

  1. Anesthetics

With no way to block pain and consciousness, surgery would be way too traumatic. From as early as 1842, opium poppy and mandrake fruit were used to induce unconsciousness before medical procedures were conducted. Today, dentists and surgeons use modern anesthesia to control pain anxiety and fear. Being on anesthetics during an operation is a lot like sleeping, except pain won’t wake you up.

  1. Birth Control

Thanks to birth control, we no longer have to worry so much about unwanted pregnancy. With over 98% efficiency, most birth control methods today can easily prevent pregnancy. Presently, we have more than a few birth control methods. The common ones are condoms, pills, injections, implants and contraceptive patches.

  1. X-RAY technology

This medical procedure is so common nowadays that we all take it for granted. X rays are ionizing radiation. Our tissues and bones absorb this type of radiation. Different tissues, however, absorb this radiation at different rates. For instance, the rays easily go past the skin and soft tissue, but they are mostly blocked by bones. On an X-ray picture doctors can see shadows where these rays were blocked, which helps in diagnosing a huge range of conditions.

  1. Insulin

Before 1921, the only way to combat diabetes was through diet management. It’s no surprise this disease claimed so many lives. Today diabetes is still not curable, but with insulin it’s at least manageable. Sadly, obesity is on the rise due to unhealthy eating habits and so is diabetes. It looks like we’re going to need more insulin in the future.

  1. DNA

Among all the fascinating discoveries we’ve seen, this one has huge potential. Imagine having a medical history with all your physical attributes and conditions that are likely to happen in the future. Everything – from your eye color and how tall you’ll grow to what genetic diseases you’re susceptible to. DNA is kind of data that contains all that information. With DNA technology scientists are capable of studying and manipulating genetic material.

Cloning is one of the major applications of DNA today. Thanks to contemporary cloning technology, now we have new plant varieties that are resistant to pests and diseases.